Varieties of Couplings
Class: Couplings
Article Tags:Couplingcouplingsdiaphragm couplingsdisc couplingsgear couplingsgrid couplingsjaw couplingsmaterial flexing couplingsmechanical flexing couplingsroller chain couplingssleeve couplingstire couplingstypes of couplings
Coupling fall into two main classes: Material Flexing and Mechanical Flexing. The material flexible types get their versatility from stretching or compressing a resilient materials, which include rubber, or through the flexing of thin metallic discs or grid. Material flexing couplings tend not to demand lubrication, using the exception of grid couplings.

The mechanical flexing couplings accept misalignment from rocking, rolling or sliding of metal surfaces. All metal mechanical flexing couplings demand lubrication.

Materials Flexing Couplings
Materials flexing couplings ordinarily never call for lubrication and operate in shear or compression and are capable to accept angular, parallel and axial misalignment.

Examples of material flexing couplings are jaw, sleeve, tire, disc, grid and diaphragm couplings.
– Jaw Couplings
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The jaw coupling is really a materials flexing coupling that transmits torque thru compression of an elastomeric spider insert positioned between two intermeshing jaws.
Flex element is normally manufactured from NBR, polyurethane, Hytrel or Bronze
Accommodates misalignment
Transmits torque
Employed for torsional dampening (vibration)
Minimal torque, standard purpose applications
– Sleeve Coupling
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The sleeve coupling transmits very low to medium torque among linked equipment in shear by an elastomeric insert with male splines that mate with female hub splines. The insert materials is commonly EPDM, Neoprene or Hytrel and also the insert generally is a 1 or two piece style and design.
Moderate misalignment
Torsional dampening (vibration)
End float with slight axial clearance
Reduced to medium torque, common function applications
– Tire Coupling
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These couplings have a rubber or polyurethane component linked to two hubs. The rubber element transmits torque in shear.
Minimizes transmission of shock loads or vibration.
High misalignment capacity
Straightforward assembly w/o moving hubs or linked gear
Moderate to substantial velocity operation
Broad range of torque capability
– Disc Coupling
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The disc coupling?¡¥s principle of operation has the torque transmitted as a result of flexing disc aspects. It operates through stress and compression of chorded segments on a popular bolt circle bolted alternately in between the drive and driven side. These couplings are ordinarily comprised of two hubs, two discs packs, as well as a center member. A single disc pack can accommodate angular and axial misalignment. Two disc packs are needed to accommodate parallel misalignment.
? Will allow angular parallel and axial misalignment
? Is really a true constrained end float style
? A zero backlash design
? High velocity rating and stability
– Diaphragm Coupling
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Diaphragm couplings make use of just one or perhaps a series of plates or diaphragms to the flexible members. It transmits torque in the outside diameter of a versatile plate towards the inside diameter, throughout the spool or spacer piece, and after that from within to outdoors diameter. The deflection on the outer diameter relative on the inner diameter is what occurs when the diaphragm is topic to misalignment. By way of example, axial displacement attempts stretch the diaphragm which effects in a blend of elongations and bending in the diaphragm profile.
? Lets angular, parallel and higher axial misalignments
? Used in substantial torque, substantial velocity applications
Mechanical Flexing Couplings
The mechanical flexing couplings accept misalignment from rocking, rolling or sliding of metal surfaces. All metal mechanical flexing couplings need lubrication.
Examples of mechanical flexing couplings are gear, grid and roller chain couplings.
– Gear Couplings
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Gear couplings transmit the highest quantity of torque and the highest volume of torque in the smallest diameter of any versatile coupling.

Each coupling includes two hubs with crowned external gear teeth. The hubs mesh with two internally splined flanged sleeves which are bolted together. Gear couplings accommodate angular and axial misalignment by the rocking and sliding from the crowned gear teeth towards the mating sleeve teeth. Parallel misalignment is accommodated by getting two adjacent hub/sleeve flex factors. Gear couplings need periodic lubrication depending on the application. They’re delicate to lubrication failures but if correctly set up and maintained, these couplings possess a services lifestyle of 3 to five years and in some instances they can last for many years.
– Grid Couplings
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Grid couplings include 2 radially slotted hubs that mesh having a serpentine strip of spring steel the grid offers torsional damping and versatility of an elastomer but the power of steel. Grid couplings transmit torque and accommodate angular, parallel and axial misalignment from 1 hub to your other as a result of the rocking and sliding of the tapered grid in the mating hub slots. The grid cross section is generally tapered for improved hub get hold of and easier assembly. As there’s movement involving contacting hub and grid metal parts, lubrication is required.
– Roller Chain Coupling
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Roller Chain form couplings consist of two radially sprocketed hubs that engage a strand of double pitch roller chain. Chain couplings are utilised for lower to reasonable torque and velocity applications. The meshing in the sprocket teeth and chain transmits torque and also the related clearances accommodate angular, parallel and axial misalignment.

Chain couplings call for periodic lubrication depending on the application. The lubrication is usually brushed onto the chain plus a cover is utilised to assist preserve the lubrication over the coupling.
To find out more about every one of the different types of couplings, visitthe EP Coupling Web page.
Mechanical Electrical power Transmission ¡§C Shaft Coupling replacement engineering.
Replaces Spicer, Lovejoy, Beam, Bellows and Jaw form shaft couplings
EP Coupling is the most recent in shaft coupling layout, beam, bellows and jaw couplings all perform at high velocity but low angle of misalignment.
On the other finish universal joints are able to manage greater amounts of misalignment but at decrease speeds and continual upkeep.
EP Coupling like a hybrid versatile coupling can do the two.
Improving on present coupling technology we deliver many different versions which permits a 0 to 25?? operational angle of utilization
No internal parts ¡§C No bearings to be consistently lubricated and change , this saves you time and money.
One Piece layout means no broken yokes or hubs.
High speed- Runs at up to 7000 RPM
Torsionally rigid at low angles of misalignment
Scalable ¡§C the EP unit is often scaled up or right down to suit personal purchaser prerequisites.?
Customizable ¡§C Have a distinct form/function the spring/ball settings is often altered to match most applications.
Diverse shaft styles or sizes, we do AGMA/ANSI, SAE, & DIN bore/keyway and spline bore?¡¥s.
Being manufactured from two counter wound springs usually means it absorbs shock force without damage
Spring style and design enables greater angle of utilization without damaging elements?
ISO9001 2007 manufactured
The patented EP design lets for larger angle of utilization without deformation with the torque transfer seen with Universal Joints, giving the performance of the Universal joint without the frequent maintenance.
So how does it work? The layout is quite simple, the sets of springs are counterwound so one particular tightens while the other loosens and visa versa.
This permits the coupling to do the job in both forward and reverse.
Its simplicity doesn?¡¥t end there, the only thing during the center from the coupling is usually a single ball bearing this permits the coupling to pivot allowing for maximum versatility, this indicates no bearings.
Bearings are a consistent servicing issue, they cannot run in harsh environments like water, mud, sand, dust and dirt as any intrusion by any of those aspects leads to rapid failure.
So no bearings indicates no frequent maintenance or worse substitute.
One piece style ¡§C As the product is just hubs and springs the things that can go wrong are greatly reduced, so no cracked yokes or broken propeller joints, no worn out bearings.
Torque ¡§C the bigger the much better The flexible coupling is powered through the springs, but because it is a pair of springs it effectively is really a metal bar, add the ball bearing it turns into a flexible metal bar.
So this implies extra torque and still have the flex that would destroy a standard universal or consistent velocity joint.
Higher speed/low pace ¡§C Now flex coupling technology is split into 2 principal areas, large pace, low torque, small angle of misalignment and decrease velocity, increased torque, higher angle of misalignment.
Unique couplings applications, same product ¡§C Flexible/High velocity couplings are Beam couplings, elastomeric, bellows couplings and jaw type couplings which can run at higher velocity maintain torsional rigidity but traditionally can only run at a few degrees of misalignment before starting to wear out.
Add to that because of that small misalignment angles , the volume of torque these flex couplings can handle is quite small.
EP?¡¥s versatile coupling remains torsionally rigid at lower angles at substantial speed, with far extra torque than say a standard beam coupling, using the added flexibility if needed.
Decrease speed couplings like universal joints can work at substantial torque and larger degrees of misalignment but they have internal elements that need to be constantly maintained.
If not greasing for lubrication and bearing substitute plus the angles of misalignment they are able to perform at is constrained as well, as too much will lead to bearing failure.
Our flex coupling can meet the greater torque demands along with the increased flexibility while needing no servicing as you would have to with using universal joints.
One product multiple uses. Why would you use various products if you didnt need to when one product will do it all, a no maintenance, substantial speed, high torque, larger angle of misalignment capable flexible coupling.
Three models and counting ¡§C To date we have three models the czep150, czep300 along with the czep500
czep150 is capable of handling 150ft lbs of torque and be utilised at 25??.
czep300 is capable of handling 300 ft lbs of static torque and operate at angles of 25??
czep500 can take care of 500ft lbs of static torque .
We are looking at what the market demands so bigger or smaller we will be adding more as time goes on.
We have all the splines and keyways you need to fit your tools.
We want to operate with you, so speak to us and lets function collectively to solve your flexible coupling issues today.
Viscous coupling is filled with silicone and is not computer controlled. A series of plates with holes and slots turn from the silicone fluid. Some plates are attached towards the front axle driveshaft and some are attached for the rear axle driveshaft. Normally the plates turn at the same rate without relative motion. The silicone fluid becomes very viscous due to it’s viscoelasticity as soon as the plates rotate at differentiating velocity. The silicone fluid resists the shear generated in it through the plates with differentiating velocity, causing a torque transfer in the faster spinning axle towards the slower spinning axle. Therefore, slight speed difference is required for torque transfer.
If the rear wheels and driveshaft are slipping and turning faster than the front, friction among the plates increases due to the generated shear during the fluid, slippage is reduced, the rear wheel spin is reduced and the torque from your input shaft is transferred to the front.
A viscous coupling is usually installed in two ways:
viscous coupling acting instead of a center differential
Viscous Coupling Acting Instead Of a Center Differential
In this case, in normal conditions, all power is transferred to just a single axle. One part with the viscous coupling is connected for the driving axle, another part is connected for the driven axle. When driving wheels slip, viscous coupling locks and torque is transferred towards the other axle. This is an automatic all wheel drive system.
The disadvantage of a viscous coupling is that it engages too slowly and permits for excessive wheelspin before transferring torque to another wheels. This is especially critical in automatic all wheel drive systems – when cornering under acceleration, the rear finish is engaged using a slight delay, causing sudden change inside the car’s behaviour fron understeer to oversteer. Also, when taking-off in sand, front wheels can become bogged down before all wheel drive is engaged.
In an attempt to reduce the coupling’s activation time, czh always transfers 5% of torque to rear wheels (this is achieved by rear driveshaft rotating slower than front driveshaft in normal conditions, causing viscous fluid warm-up and slight solidification).
At the same time, pre-tensioning the coupling too much leads to undesireable transmission wind-up and makes the system too sensitive to uneven tread wear on front and rear tires. This is why Volvo first reduced the pre-tensioning in 2000 then replaced the viscous coupling with epdex clutch on their all wheel drive vehicles in model year 2003
Viscous Coupling Integrated Into The Center Differential
In this case, all wheels are powered at all times. Viscous coupling is integrated into the center differential. Central differential distributes energy to all wheels and lets them turn at unique speeds while cornering. When excessive wheelspin occurs on 1 of your axles, viscous coupling locks the differential and equalizes the speeds of both axles. Torque is transferred to wheels that have traction. This is a full-time all wheel drive system.
Viscous coupling can also be integrated into the rear differential.
Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
Clamping Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Designed to grip evenly around your shaft, these couplings supply much more holding power than set screw couplings without marring the shaft.
Set Screw Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Tighten the set screws to fasten these couplings to your shaft. Set screws bite into the shaft to hold the couplings in place.
Clamping Vibration-Damping
Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
Clamping Vibration-Damping Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Designed to grip evenly around your shaft, these couplings supply additional holding electrical power than set screw couplings without marring the shaft.
Set Screw Vibration-Damping
Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Set Screw Vibration-Damping Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
Each hub includes a set screw, which bites into your shaft to hold the coupling in place.
High-Misalignment Vibration-Damping
Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
High-Misalignment Vibration-Damping Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Also called double-loop couplings, these possess a flexible center that reduces vibration and compensates for high parallel and angular shaft misalignment.
Servomotor Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Able to deal with substantial twisting forces as well as misalignment, these couplings are good for high-performance servomotor applications.
High-Speed Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
With a bellows involving two hubs, these couplings deal with all forms of misalignment and therefore are good for precision stepper and encoder motion-control applications.
High-Misalignment Precision
Versatile Shaft Couplings
High-Misalignment Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Specially designed ridges allow these bellows couplings to compensate for a lot more misalignment than other precision couplings?auseful for low-torque, high-precision applications like instrumentation and motion control.
Electrically Isolating Servomotor
Precision Flexible Shaft Couplings
Electrically Isolating Servomotor Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
An acetal plastic spacer at the center of these couplings insulates bearings, encoders, and other shaft components from stray electric current. Use them with servomotors, which sometimes generate current that travels down the shaft and can damage circuit boards, interfere with readings, and cause wear on bearing raceways.
High-Speed Servomotor Precision
Flexible Shaft Couplings
High-Speed Servomotor Precision Versatile Shaft Couplings
Connect shafts and ball screws to high-speed servomotors and stepper motors?athese shaft couplings manage four times far more pace than standard servomotor couplings.
Versatile Shaft Couplings
Set Screw Flexible Shaft Couplings
Each hub includes a set screw (unless noted), which bites into your shaft to hold the coupling in place.
Clamping Versatile Shaft Couplings
Designed to grip evenly around your shaft, these couplings supply far more holding electrical power than set screw couplings without marring the shaft.
High-Torque Set Screw Flexible Shaft Couplings
The thick split spider on these couplings can take on twice as much torque as standard spiders, extending the existence of bearings, seals, and motors.
Clamping High-Parallel-Misalignment
Versatile Shaft Couplings
Clamping High-Parallel-Misalignment Flexible Shaft Couplings
Designed to grip evenly around your shaft, these couplings supply far more holding energy than set screw couplings without marring the shaft.
Set Screw High-Parallel-Misalignment
Flexible Shaft Couplings
Set Screw High-Parallel-Misalignment Versatile Shaft Couplings
Each hub includes a set screw, which bites into your shaft to hold the coupling in place.
High-Angular-Misalignment Flexible Shaft Couplings
Also known as Schmidt couplings, these manage greater angular misalignment than other three-piece couplings. Good for applications with varying shaft misalignment, they’re frequently employed with conveyor rollers and roller feeds in printing and packaging machines.
Machinable-Bore Flexible Shaft Couplings
Customize the bore of these versatile couplings to align uncommon shaft sizes as well as shafts that have become undersized from wear or oversized from coatings.
Shock-Absorbing Flexible Shaft Couplings
A strip of versatile spring steel wraps around the teeth of each hubs to absorb sharp, momentary load increases that can come from motor startups, emergency braking, or sudden impact with hard objects.
Metal-Detectable Versatile Shaft Couplings
Designed for use in food-processing applications, where a fraying spider could contaminate a batch, these couplings possess a metal-detector-grade rubber spider. Small pieces of metal inside the rubber will set off a metal detector, alerting you on the problem.
Cleaned and Bagged Flexible
Heat-Resistant Shaft Couplings
Cleaned and Bagged Versatile Heat-Resistant Shaft Couplings
Versatile Shaft Couplings for Continuous Motion
High-Speed Vibration-Damping
Flexible Shaft Couplings
High-Speed Vibration-Damping Flexible Shaft Couplings
Use these gear-shaped couplings for high-speed and high-torque applications.
Vibration-Damping Versatile Shaft Couplings
A flexible tire on these couplings safeguards parts on your shafts by reducing vibration and shock.
High-Torque Flexible Shaft Couplings
By using a rugged roller-chain design and style, these couplings provide excellent torque and angular misalignment capacities.
Ultra-High-Torque Flexible Shaft Couplings
That has a rigid gear design, these steel couplings transmit much more torque than other couplings in the same size.
Lightweight Flexible Shaft Couplings
Created with lightweight nylon sleeves, these gear couplings call for less energy to move than other high-torque versatile couplings. They compensate for parallel, angular, and axial misalignment.
Noncontact Magnetic Shaft Couplings
Magnetic force transfers torque from one particular half of these couplings to your other; there?¡¥s no make contact with amongst the elements, so they won?¡¥t wear. Couplings compensate for angular and parallel misalignment.